Robots can improve precision in surgery, making robotic operations less aggressive and facilitating recovery; they can monitor vital signs and improve quality of life. The challenge is to win the trust of patients.
When without a driver? Robo cops? The prototypes are in operation. But how many people would want to lie down at the operating table under a Robo surgeon?
This may seem like a solution from a science fiction novel by Aldous Huxley, but it's already a reality. Since 2000, more than two million surgeries worldwide have been performed by about 3 surgical robots. Although each of them takes up a lot of space, their "hands" are super-small, with highly precise tools. Innovators are vying to create the next generation of surgical robots to help fight cancer.
Most people think of robots as Star Wars, but they are more like robots used to build a car. Robots do not perform operations on their own, they are more of a tool for surgeons, as they offer greater accuracy than hand instruments, especially in hard-to-reach parts of the body - for example, near the spinal cord. They also help for faster recovery afterwards.
For a computer to do something intelligent, it must be able to see what is happening. It's not that difficult in a structured environment, but the man at the operating table is a big mess and it's very difficult for a computer to make the right decision. However, there is also a future for autonomous robots assisting surgeons.
The original purpose of the Da Vinci robot was to help a surgeon who cared for sick children in Liberia or wounded soldiers in Afghanistan. Due to financial, technological and communication reasons, the end of the project is complicated. Now the perspective of medical robotics lies in facilitating the actions of the human specialist to achieve faster and more accurate results. Robots in the home for disabled patients can offer additional help - nutrition, exercise and medication.
For surgeons, who often ensure the development of these robots, the benefits of a machine, such as the Da Vinci system, are numerous. "A surgeon's natural instinct is to work with his own hands. "Sitting on a console and staring at a screen to control a robot requires some getting used to," said Pardip Kumar, a consultant urology surgeon at Kings Marsden, London, who regularly works with the Da Vinci robot. "I am able to perform more operations, faster and more successfully than I can imagine."
"There is not much talk about the physical requirements during the operation," Kumar said. "My mission as a surgeon is to help people, but the tension in my neck, shoulders and back makes it difficult for me to work. However, operation with the help of a robot means that I can continue to work even longer than I thought. “